NEWS & BLOG
Views: 21 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-11-18 Origin: Site
CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Committee), whose responsibility is to protect the interests of the majority of U.S. consumers, for those consumer products that do not have standards to follow, the development of mandatory standards or prohibitions, as well as the implementation of potentially dangerous products to reduce the risk of injury and death of consumer products to maintain personal and family safety.
The CPSC regulates a wide range of consumer products, monitoring more than 15,000 consumer products, primarily children's products, household appliances, and other consumer products used in homes, schools, recreation, and schools.
The most important of these is children's products, as long as the products involved in children's use, whether toys, clothing or everyday items are strictly regulated, the inspection items include: flame retardancy, disassembly, and rating of existing or potential hazards to children in order to prevent children from being harmed.
This check is not the production quality of the company, but to check the safety of the product in use.
However, vehicles, tires, ships, weapons, alcohol, tobacco, food, drugs, cosmetics, pesticides and medical devices do not fall under its jurisdiction.
In March 2021, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) joined the U.S. customs agency, became a participating member of the U.S. government agencies, and government review on an equal footing, and added provisions: imported goods, even if they pass the declaration, if the CPSC does not release them, they can not be sold, but only accumulated in the warehouse.
The main elements of the CPSC:
1. The establishment of uniform mandatory national standards throughout the United States.
2. Further regulate toys containing lead.
3. Toys with traceability labeling.
4. Convert the voluntary standard ASTM F963 into a mandatory standard.
5. Implement mandatory third-party testing for certain children's products.
6. Implemented controls on six types of phthalates in toys.
The U.S. CPSC enforcement is based on the CPSIA, which is a regulation that sets standards for product quality.
CPSIA, the Safety Improvement Act, was signed into law by President Bush on August 14, 2008. The act is the toughest consumer protection bill since the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) was established in 1972.
The CPSIA Act expands the scope of products that require testing and certification. Products controlled by the standards, prohibitions and enforcement rules established by the CPSC under the Act are required to be tested and certified.
CPSIA regulations are divided into two major parts, the first part of which relates to "children's product safety", the second part of the "Consumer Product Safety Commission reform".
Children's Product Certificate (CPC) is a certificate issued by a third-party laboratory authorized by the CPSC based on test data after testing the product in accordance with regulations.
It applies to all products for which children aged 12 and under are the primary target users, such as toys, bassinets, and children's clothing.
If produced locally in the U.S., the manufacturer is responsible for providing the certificate, and if produced in other countries, the importer is responsible for providing the certificate.
In other words, cross-border sellers as "importers" want to sell products made in Chinese factories to the United States, they need to provide CPC certificates to Amazon as a retailer.
According to the provisions of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Act, manufacturers and importers of children's products must provide written CPC, CPSI and ASTM test reports based on the test results of CPSC-accredited laboratories to prove that their products meet the corresponding child product safety regulations, other products need to handle the relevant certification, FDA certification, FCC certification, sunglasses also need to do FDA drop ball test etc.
CPC certificate covers the following main contents:
1. this certificate covers the product identification information;
2. the certified products referenced in each of the CPSC child product safety regulations;
3. the need for certification of the U.S. importer or manufacturer company information;
4. test data maintenance personnel contact information;
5. the product production date and production address;
6. consumer product safety regulations compliance testing dates and addresses;
7. compliance testing required for certification, CPSC-accredited third-party laboratories.
If the above conditions are not met, if the inspection of the goods for sampling, customs will be deemed unqualified and lead to the detention of goods.
In addition, Amazon U.S. CPC certification is mandatory for children's products, if not CPC certification is not available on the platform to sell products.
CPC testing is generally composed of: CPSIA (lead, phthalates) + ASTM F963 (toy testing).
A, ASTM F963: the U.S. Department of Commerce National Bureau of Standards under the auspices of the United States toy testing standards, the current new version of the number ASTM F963-17.
The main test contents are:
1. Physical testing (sharp edges, protrusions, nail fastening, etc.);
3. Toxicity (harmful substances).
If the goods are detained, sellers are advised to find the contact information of the CPSC officer in charge and communicate with them directly to provide the evidence required by the CPSC to prove the compliance of the goods as soon as possible. If not, the goods may be returned or destroyed, so it is recommended that sellers understand what specific requirements the CPSC has for goods before shipping. Otherwise, it will be too late to do so after being inspected.
The future is destined for compliance trend, customs inspection can not be ignored! Since this year, there have been a large number of products taken off the shelves by Amazon and recalled by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Association.
Children's toys are often the most frequently recalled, such as a toy horn made in China, sold separately on Amazon for about $6, but after consumers complained that "the small plastic pieces in the toy horn could fall apart and could be swallowed by children, posing a choking hazard," it was forcibly recalled, taken off the platform, and faced with a large number of The company was forced to recall the product, took it off the platform and faced a large number of refunds.
In addition, there are fitness products, such as stationary bikes, treadmills, weights and resistance bands, which are often prone to consumer injuries. Last month, the CPSC imposed a $7.95 million ($52.1 million) civil penalty on Cybex International, the largest civil penalty ever imposed in connection with exercise equipment. Under the settlement agreement, Cybex failed to promptly report known defects or risks of its products that led to consumer injuries after receiving numerous consumer complaints. the CPSC has issued 11 civil fines related to fitness equipment.
Once a product is mandated to be recalled, sellers face many problems such as product bans, refunds, and taking various remedial measures, which are very problematic.
And in Amazon, toys and children's products category early requirements, must provide CPC certification of! Now Amazon and emphasize the CPSC to strengthen the supervision of related children's products, was found without the relevant certification of the business will be punished!
Therefore, sellers should pay special attention, shipping and shelves before the goods to do a good test report certificate, etc., to control product quality issues, to avoid all kinds of problems from the source, to reduce trouble.
CPSIA: August 14, 2008 by the U.S. President Bush signed into effect the Safety Improvement Act.
This act is the toughest consumer protection act (CPSIA/HR4040) since the establishment of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) in 1972.
· CPSIA (HR4040) i.e., the requirements for lead and phthalates.
· Section 101 Children's Products Containing Lead; Lead in Paint Regulations ;
· Section 102 Mandatory Third Party Testing of Certain Children's Products;
· Section 103 Traceability labeling of children's products; Section 104 Standards for durable juvenile products and consumer registration;
· Section 105 Labeling Requirements for Toy and Game Advertising;
· Section 106 Mandatory toy safety standards;
· Section 107 Preventable Minority Child Injury and Death Studies Related to Consumer Products;
· Section 108 prohibits the sale of certain products containing phthalates.