NEWS & BLOG
Views: 32 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-10-25 Origin: Site
Freight forwarding is the business of providing transportation procedures, picking up, sending and transporting cargo on behalf of others.
Freight forwarding, some are intermediaries is their own no ship or aircraft or shipping companies, airlines, are freight forwarding duties is, the entrusted by the entrusted goods, through the development of transport routes, from one place to another freight forwarding agent, for transport companies (sea, land, air) agent to receive and transport goods, collection of goods company.
Freight forwarding industry in the international freight market, between the shipper and the carrier, accepting the shipper's commission, on behalf of the charter, booking, loading, repair of relevant documents, customs clearance, inspection, insurance, container transport, unpacking, issuance of bills of lading, settlement of miscellaneous transport charges, and even delivery of bills of negotiation and settlement of foreign exchange.
Ocean Freight Operation, generally refers to the operation of the ocean freight business in the freight forwarding company, the work of the main counterpart guests also used to be called customer service operations, the process is divided into import and export operations. To container export cargo, for example, the process is roughly: consignment acceptance - booking - do box - customs clearance box - loading - unloading - notice pickup - customs clearance -Change the bill -Pick up the goods.
Shipping Operation, generally refers to the personnel in the freight forwarding company who make inquiry and booking with the shipping company or the operating personnel in the shipping company.
Take freight forwarding company as an example, the shipping operation process is roughly as follows: inquiry with shipping company - booking (under Booking) - shipping company issues booking order (S/O) - cargo owner to take S/O container loading - customs clearance - bill of lading replenishment -Checklist -Payment -Take bill of lading.
Large freight forwarding company operation process will be subdivided, each operation has a dedicated person, small freight forwarding company a person packaged above business. Some large manufacturers will also have shipping and shipping operations.
Shipping note, freight forwarding company as a booking basis. After receiving the shipping note, the freight forwarding company will audit the shipping note, determine the ship to be shipped, return the shipping note with the shipping order, and give the full set of shipping order to the import and export company to fill in, and then the freight forwarding company will act as the shipper on behalf of the import and export company to the foreign shipping agency to do the same thing consignment procedures.
Shipping order, is the shipping company or its agent issued to the shipper of goods, a kind of notice to the ship loading certificate, the shipping company received the consignment note according to the principle of ship allocation, combined with the goods and specific routes, ports, arrangements for ships and space, and then issued S / O that the shipping company to accept the carriage of the goods. s / O once issued, the carrier shipped both sides that is bound by it. At the same time, the shipper with the shipping company's signature of the loading order requires the captain to load the goods on board, but also need to go to the customs clearance procedures for the export of goods loaded on board, after customs inspection, the customs release stamp on the S / O, that the ticket has been allowed to ship the goods for export, before asking the captain to load, which is the origin of Shipping order.
shipping order can be used as the basis for loading, but also the owner of the goods to the customs declaration procedures for export goods with one of the main documents, for the shipper, shipping order is to do the proof of the consignment of goods. To the shipping company or its agent, shipping order is to notify the ship to accept the shipment of the goods of the instruction documents.
Get the shipping order from the shipping company, mainly check the following information:
1. Booking Number
3. Container Yype
4. Port of Discharge
5. Port of Destination
6. SI CUT OFF Date/Time
7. CY Closing Date
8. Empty Pick up Date
9. Special Requirements
Introduce some major shipping documents by actual business procedures.
It is a document made by the shipper according to the content of the trade contract and the terms of the letter of credit, to the carrier or its agent for the consignment of goods. The carrier according to the contents of the consignment note, and combined with the ship's route, port of call, the ship's time and space and other conditions to consider, that is suitable, that is, accept the consignment.
It is the receipt of goods received by the ship and the proof that the goods have been loaded on board. According to the date, number of pieces and space signed by the cargo handler on the cargo manifest, and after checking with the loading list, the ship's first officer signs the first officer's receipt. Shipper with the first officer signed by the first officer receipt, to the carrier or its agent to exchange for the loaded bill of lading.
Bill of Lading
Bill of lading is a certificate of ownership of goods. The holder of bill of lading can be used to withdraw the goods, can also be used to deposit money with the bank, and can also be transferred before the ship arrives at the port of destination for delivery.
The loading list is the summary list of loading list prepared by the carrier according to the bottom of the loading list, categorizing the whole ship to be loaded according to the destination port and the nature of the goods, arranged in the order of voyage and port, whose contents include the loading list number, cargo name, number of pieces, packing form, gross weight, estimated size and special cargo requirements for shipment or notes, etc. The loading list is the main basis for the ship's first officer to prepare the loading plan, and it is also the business document for the on-site cargo management personnel to manage the cargo, the port side to arrange barging, access to the depot and the carrier to grasp the situation.
Manifest is a summary list of goods carried on the whole ship in accordance with the cargo port by ticket. It is in the goods loaded on board the ship, the shipping company according to the receipt or bill of lading prepared. Its main contents include cargo details, loading and unloading port, bill of lading number, ship name, name of shipper and consignee, marker number, etc. This list is used as the proof that the ship carries the listed goods.
Cargo plan is a cargo plan prepared according to the actual loading of cargo. It is the reference material for cargo transportation, storage and discharging work of the ship, and also the document for cargo management, berthing arrangement and cargo entry in the discharge port.
Bill of lading is the consignee with the original bill of lading or a copy of the bill of lading with a valid guarantee to the carrier or its agent in exchange for, to the port loading and unloading department to extract the goods of the certificate.