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Port congestion spreads across the globe again

Views: 33     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-07-11      Origin: Site

At present, the congestion of container ports on all continents is becoming more and more serious. The Clarksons Container Port Congestion Index showed that as of June 30, 36.2% of the world's container ships were stranded in ports, up from 31.5% between 2016 and 2019 before the pandemic. In its latest weekly report, Clarkson noted that congestion on the U.S. East Coast has recently risen to near-record levels.


Port congestion spreads across the globe again


Hapag-Lloyd's recently updated port operations report shows the many congestion issues facing carriers and shippers around the world.


▪ Asia: Due to epidemic prevention and control measures and typhoon season, terminals in major Chinese ports such as Ningbo, Shenzhen and Hong Kong are facing pressure from yard and berth congestion.


Other major ports in Asia, such as Singapore, have a yard density of 80%; South Korea's largest port, Busan, has a higher yard density of 85%, where last month the country experienced a widespread strike by truckers.


▪ Europe: The start of the summer vacation, multiple strikes, increasing confirmed cases of Covid-19 and the influx of ships from Asia have caused congestion in the ports of Antwerp, Hamburg and Rotterdam.


The average utilization rate of the terminal yard in the Port of Antwerp is 80%; the utilization rate of the ECT terminal in the Port of Rotterdam is as high as 85%, and the utilization rate of the reefer plug is 100%. In addition, the detention time of transshipment and imported goods is also longer, but the delivery rate is The trade union strike had a negative impact on the labor supply at the CTA terminal in the Port of Hamburg, with yard utilization reaching 90%, and further increased delays at the CTB terminal.


Additionally, in other parts of Europe, including Poland, Denmark, Sweden and Finland, limited truck capacity continues to hinder the movement of goods.


▪ Latin America: Ecuador's port operations were hampered by ongoing nationwide protests, while in the north, Costa Rica's customs system was hit by a cyberattack two months ago, with much of the work being done manually. Some ports in Mexico have yard densities as high as 90%, causing severe delays.


▪ North America: Reports of terminal delays in North America have dominated shipping headlines throughout the pandemic, and heading into July remains a concern.


US East: Beginning July 1, 17 ships were waiting for berths in the Port of New York/New Jersey for more than 20 days. Waiting times for ships at the Port of Savannah are also approaching their record levels of 10 to 12 days. Berth wait times for ships in the Port of Norfolk continue to shorten to no more than five days. There is currently no ship backlog at the Port of Charleston.


West America: At present, there are 21 container ships waiting for berthing outside the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, and the waiting time is 5.5 days; it should be noted that at the OICT terminal of the Port of Oakland, the average berthing time of ships is 7-31 days; as of 7 There were no container ships waiting to berth outside the Port of Tacoma on May 1.


▪ Canada: All vessels calling at the Port of Vancouver continue to face severe delays and anchorages are "full". The utilization rate of the GCT terminal yard is 85%, and the inland rail ramp continues to be congested. At the same time, the yard utilization rate of Prince Rupert was as high as 117%, and the average dwell time of containers was 9.2 days.


Drewry AIS ship tracking data shows that the number of container ships waiting outside major ports is indeed increasing. "With no change to our expected supply chain recovery timeline, available capacity continues to be squeezed," it said.


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