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Port of New York and New Jersey - Largest East Coast Ports

Views: 71     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-10-10      Origin: Site

Everyone knows that the busiest ports in the United States are no longer on the west coast of the United States, and the busiest ports are no longer Los Angeles or Long Beach, but the port of New York and New Jersey on the east coast.


According to official data from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the Port of New York and New Jersey handled a total of 843,191 TEUs in August, creating the busiest August in the port's history and becoming the busiest port in the United States.


The ports of New York and New Jersey are the largest ports on the east coast of the United States. According to data, 72% of the goods on the east coast choose the ports of New York and New Jersey as the first ports of call. Therefore, when the cargo owner transfers the goods from the ports on the west coast of the United States to the east coast of the United States, the first consideration is the ports of New York and New Jersey.


We have always thought that the West Coast of the United States has the largest import demand. In fact, the truth is that the East Coast of the United States is the main gathering place for the population of the United States. Most of the consumer metropolises are here, such as New York City, Philadelphia, Washington State and other high urban density areas. Because of its dense population and high degree of commercialization, the east coast of the United States is the region with high demand for imported goods. After the goods have been transported to the ports on the west coast of the United States, they will be transported to major cities on the east coast of the United States by means of inland transportation.


Port of New York and New Jersey - Largest East Coast Ports

▲U.S. Population Density Distribution 


Today is different, save for concerns about a new round of union talks at U.S. West Coast ports this year. The reason why people don't send goods to ports on the west coast of the United States now is the cost of inland transportation in the United States. When goods are sent to ports on the west coast of the United States, they will also be transported to cities on the east coast of the United States by rail. According to the current spot market rates for multimodal transportation in the United States, the cost of rail transportation is still higher than the freight difference caused by the direct shipment of goods to the east coast of the United States.



Port of New York and New Jersey - Largest East Coast Ports

The Port of New York, also known as the "Port Authority of New York and New Jersey", is the largest seaport on the east coast of the United States, handling more than 5 million Teu per year. The Port of New York is located at the mouth of the Hudson River in the northeastern United States and faces the Atlantic Ocean to the east.


China's major ports such as Shenzhen, Shanghai, Qingdao, Tianjin, etc. have ships arriving in New York, and some direct shipping such as HANJIN shipping from Tianjin to New York takes 28 days, which is the fastest ship from Tianjin to New York. Some transits, such as Evergreen Shipping from Tianjin to New York, transit in Busan, South Korea, and the whole journey takes about 34 days. The volume of trade from China to New York is very large.


Port of New York and New Jersey - Largest East Coast Ports-2


The New York Harbor has a vast hinterland, and the road network, railway network, inland waterway network and air transportation network extend in all directions.


In the history of New York's development, New York Harbor is in the most critical position. The port not only brought a large amount of wealth and property to New York City, but in the early 19th century and the end of the 20th century, immigrants from all over the world also entered New York City through New York Harbor, and these immigrants and their descendants will become the development of New York City in the future. main force.


Within the seaport are two bonded zones (foreign trade zones) where commercial goods (domestic and foreign) receive the same customs treatment as outside the United States.



Port of New York and New Jersey - Major Facilities

The Port of New York is composed of five container terminals. Each shipping company has its own fixed docking terminal according to different routes. There will be additional charges for trucks to pick up containers at certain terminals.


· PNCT (Port Newark Container Terminal): Some Truckers will charge Port Congestion Fee $100~150/Container

· Maher Terminal: No extra charge

· NYCT (New York Container Terminal): Toll Fee: $150/Container

· APM Terminal Port: Congestion Fee: $100~150/Container

· Global Marine Terminal Port: Toll Fee: $150/Container



Port of New York and New Jersey - Container Port Information

From a shipping point of view, the Port of New York is an integrated system of approximately 240 miles (386 kilometers) of waterways (requiring pilotage), anchorages and port facilities centered on the New York Bay.


Larger cargo ships require tug assistance to complete turns on sharp bends in the fairway, such as those from the Vancourt Pass into Newark Bay. The main entry into the harbour from the Atlantic Ocean is between Rockaway and Sandy Hook in the southeast; the other entry is from the northeast through Long Island Sound at the exit of the East River. The harbour extends southwest to the mouth of the Raritan River, northwest to Newark Harbor, and north to the George Washington Bridge. Other vehicular passages across the harbour include the PATH tunnel and the Verrazano Narrows Bridge across the New York Bay Channel.


The New York and New Jersey port facilities are the largest oil import terminal and the second largest container terminal in the United States. Although the term New York Harbor has always been used to refer to the Port of New York, which encompasses the five boroughs and the adjacent New Jersey shoreline, it was not until 1972 that they were placed under the management of a single two-state port authority.


Beginning in the 1950s, container ship facilities at the Port of Newark-Elizabeth Shipping Terminal in Newark Bay eclipsed those of neighboring Manhattan and Brooklyn, and it was the largest container port on the East Coast. The port's importance in passenger traffic has now declined, but the Port Authority also manages New York's JFK, LaGuardia and Newark Liberty airports. New York City also has cruise lines, commuter ferries and sightseeing boat services. A new passenger facility recently opened in Red Tick, Brooklyn. Although most ferry services are privately owned, Staten Island Ferries are operated by the New York City Transit Authority.



Port of New York and New Jersey - Transportation

The Port of New York and New Jersey combine with the airport, making it the second-ranked area in terms of passenger traffic. Nearby JFK International Airport (JFK) air cargo operations and FedEx, the world's busiest cargo airline, use Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) as a regional hub, creating a sea-air trunk line.


JFK, Newark Liberty, LaGuardia, Stoll, Teterboro, and Lower Manhattan are all operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.


It is also responsible for the management and operation of the Newark and JFK Airport Light Rail Lines, the George Washington Bridge, the Lincoln Bridge, the Hulank Tunnel, and the Trans-Hudson River Light Rail. The Port Authority is a public institution shared by the two states, self-governing and tax independent.

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