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Major Ports and Shipping Routes Around the World

Views: 64     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-10-20      Origin: Site

Major Ports and Shipping Routes Around the World

Major Ports and Shipping Routes Around the World



I. Pacific Ocean Routes


1、Far East - North America West Coast Route


The route includes trade transportation routes from China, North Korea, Japan to Canada, the United States, Mexico and other ports on the west coast of North America. Departing from various coastal ports in our country, the southerly ones pass through the Osumi Strait and leave the East China Sea; the northerly ones pass through the Tsushima Strait and pass through the Sea of Japan, or enter the Pacific Ocean through the Chongjin Strait, or pass through the Zonggu Strait and enter the Sea of Okhotsk. North Pacific Ocean.


2、Far East - Caribbean, North America East Coast route


The route often arrives via the Hawaiian Islands north and south to the Panama Canal. Most of the ships from our northern coastal ports depart from the East China Sea via the Osumi Strait or via the Ryukyu Umami Islands.


3、Far East - South America west coast route


Ships departing from ports on the northern coast of China mostly go via Ryukyu Umida Island. Sulphur Island, Wake Island, and the Lane Islands south of the Hawaiian Islands cross the equator into the South Pacific to the ports on the west coast of South America.


4、Far East - Southeast Asia route


This route is the main route for Chinese, Korean and Japanese cargo ships to various ports in Southeast Asia and to various ports along the Atlantic coast of India via the Straits of Malacca. The East China Sea, Taiwan Strait, the Bus Strait and the South China Sea are the necessary routes for ships of this route, and the route is busy.


5、Far East - Australia, New Zealand route


The Far East to the southeast coast of Australia is divided into two routes. China's northern coastal ports several dynasties, Japan to the east coast of Australia and New Zealand ports of ships, need to take the Ryukyu Kume Island, Caroline Islands of Yap Island into the Solomon Sea, Coral Lake; China and Australia between the container ship need to load in Hong Kong or transfer the ship after the South China Sea, Sulawesi Sea, Banda Sea, Arafura Sea, after the Torres Strait into the Coral Sea. China and Japan go to the west coast of Australia route to the Philippines through the Strait of Gümindoro, the Strait of Mangasin and the Lombok Strait into the Indian Ocean.


6、Australia, New Zealand - North America east and west coast route


The route from Australia and New Zealand to the North American coast is mostly via Suva, Honolulu and other important terminals in the Pacific Ocean. To the East Coast of North America, the route is taken through Papeete in the Society Islands, across the Panama Canal and to.



II. Atlantic Ocean Routes


1、Northwest Europe - North America East Coast route


This route is a transportation line for the exchange of raw fuel and products between the two most industrially developed regions of the world, Western Europe and North America, with important ports on both sides of the World Cup/5, and extremely busy transportation. This navigation area has high winds and waves in winter, and there is dense fog and icebergs, which is a threat to navigation safety.


2、Northwest Europe, North America East Coast - Caribbean route


Most of the Northwest Europe - Caribbean route out of the English Channel after crossing the North Atlantic. It departs from various ports on the East Coast of North America, and generally enters the Caribbean Sea via Mona and the Windward Passage. In addition to the ports on the Caribbean coast, it can also reach ports on the Pacific coast of America via the Panama Canal.


3、Northwest Europe, North America East Coast - Mediterranean Sea, Suez Canal - Asia-Pacific route


The Northwest Europe, North America East Coast - Mediterranean Sea - Suez route is the busiest section of the world, it is a shortcut between North America, Northwest Europe and the Asia-Pacific Gulf region trade. The route generally passes through the Azores and Madeira Islands terminals.


4、Northwest Europe, Mediterranean - South America East Coast route


The route generally passes through the Atlantic islands of West Africa - Canary, Cape Verde Islands on the terminal.


5、Northwest Europe, North America East Sea - Cape of Good Hope, Far East route


This route is generally an oil route for giant oil tankers. The Cape Verde Islands, Canary Islands are the main terminals for passing ships to call.


6、South America East Sea - Cape of Good Hope - Far East route


This is a transport line mainly for oil and ore. The route is in the westerly drifting sea, the wind and waves are large. Generally, the westbound route is northbound and the eastbound route is southbound.



III. Indian Ocean Routes


The Indian Ocean route is dominated by the oil transportation line, in addition to a number of bulk cargo transit transport.


1、Persian Gulf - Good Hope - Western Europe, North America route


The route is mainly operated by supertankers, and is the world's most important maritime oil transportation line.


2、Persian Gulf - Southeast Asia - Japan route


The route east through the Strait of Malacca (200,000 tons dwt or less ships feasible) or Lombok, the Strait of Makassar (200,000 dwt or more supertankers feasible) to Japan.


3、Persian Gulf - Suez Canal - Mediterranean Sea - Western Europe, North America transport line


This route is currently available for supertankers of up to 300,000 DWT.


In addition to the above three oil shipping lines in addition to other routes in the Indian Ocean are: Far East - Southeast Asia - East Africa route; Far East - Southeast Asia, Mediterranean - Northwest Europe route; Far East - Southeast Asia - Cape of Good Hope - West Africa, South America route; Australia and New Zealand - Mediterranean - Northwest Europe route; Northern Indian Ocean - European routes.



Asia Ports

Japan Major Ports:  YOKOHAMA / NAGOYA / OSAKA / KOBE / TOKYO


Korea Major Ports:  BUSAN / INCHON / SEOUL


Singapore Major Ports:  SINGAPORE


Indonesia Major Ports:  SURABAYA / JAKARTA / BELAWAN / SEMARANG


Vietnam Major Ports:  HOCHIMINH / HAIPONG


Malaysia Major Ports:  PORT KELANG / PENANG


Thailand Major Ports:  BANGKOK / LAEM CHABANG


Myanmar Major Ports:  YANGON


Philippines Major Ports:  MANILA



North America Ports

US West:

West Coast Major Ports:  LOS ANGELES / LONG BEACH / CHICAGO / OAKLAND / SEATTLE / SAN FRANCISCO


US East:

East Coast Major Ports:  NEW YORK / BOSTON / BALTIMORE / PHILADELPHIA / MIAMI / SAVANNAH / HOUSTION / NORFOLK / JACKSONVILLE / CHARLESTON


Canada:

Canada Major Ports:  VANCOUVER / MONTREAL / TORONTO



South America Ports

South America West:

Chile Major Ports:  VALPARAISO / ARICA


Panama Major Ports:  COLON FREEZONE / PANAMA CITY


South America East:

Argentina Major Ports:  BUENOSAIRES


Brazil Major Ports:  SANTOS / RIOGRANDE / RIO DE JANEIRO


Uruguay Major Ports:  MONTEVIDEO


Paraguay Major Ports:  ASUNCION


Central & South America:

Mexico Major Ports:  MANZANILLO / VERACRUZ / MEXICO CITY


Venezuela Major Ports:  LAGUAIRA


Guatemala Major Ports:  SANJOSE / GUATEMALA CITY


Ecuador Major Ports:  GUAYAQUIL


Peru Major Ports:  CALLAO



Europe Ports

Major Ports in Europe:

Belgium Major Ports:  ANTWERP


Germany Major Ports:  HAMBURG / BREMEN


Netherlands Major Ports:  ROTTERDAM / AMSTERDAM


France Major Ports:  LEHAVRE


UK Major Ports:  FELIXSTOWE / SOUTHAMPTON / LONDON / MANCHESTER / LIVERPOOL


Austria Major Ports:  VIENNA


Ireland Major Ports:  DUBLIN


Hungary Major Ports:  BUDAPEST


Poland Major Ports:  WARSAW


Czechoslovakia Major Ports:  PRAGUE


Northern Europe:

Denmark Major Ports:  AARHUS / COPENHAGEN


Sweden Major Ports:  GOTHENBURG / STOCKHOLM


Norway Major Ports:  OSLO 


Finland Major Ports:  HELSINKI 



Mediterranean Ports

Western Mediterranean:

Italy Major Ports:  GENOVA / LASPEZIA / LIVORNO / NAPLES / TRIESTE / VENICE


Spain Major Ports:  BARCELONA / VALENCIA/ BILBAO / MADRID


France Major Ports:  MARSEILLES / FOS


Morocco Major Ports:  CASABLANCA


Tunisia Major Ports:  TUNIS


Eastern Mediterranean:

Turkey Major Ports:  ISTANBUL / MERSIN / IZMIR


Greece Major Ports:  PIPAEUS / THESSALONIKI


Cyprus Major Ports:  LIMASSOL


Egypt Major Ports:  ALEXANDRIA / PORTSAID / CAIRO


Lebanon Major Ports:  BEIRUT


Syria Major Ports:  LATTAKIA


Portugal:

Portugal Major Ports:  LISBON / LEIZOES / PORTO



Middle East Ports

UAE Major Ports:  DUBAI / JEBEL ALI


Kuwait Major Ports:  KUWAIT


Iran Major Ports:  BANDARABBAS


Saudi Arabia Major Ports:  JEDDAH


Jordan Major Ports:  AQABA


Israel Major Ports:  ASHDOD / HAIFA / TEL-AVIV



Indian Ocean Ports

Sri Lanka Major Ports:  COLOMBO 


India Major Ports:  MUMBAI / MADRAS / CHENNAI / NEW DELHI / NHAVA SHEVA


Pakistan Major Ports:  KARACHI / LAHORE


Bangladesh Major Ports:CHITTAGONG / DHAKA



Oceania Ports

Australia:

Australia Major Ports:  SYDNEY / MELBOURNE / BRISBANE / ADELAIDE


New Zealand:

New Zealand Major Ports:  AUCKLAND / LYTTELTON/ WELLINGTON



South Africa Ports

South Africa Major Ports:  DURBAN / CAPETOWN / JOHANNESBURG


Kenya Major Ports:  MOMBASA / NAIROBI



West Africa Ports

Nigeria Major Ports: LAGOS


Ghana Major Ports:  TEMA


Benin Major Ports:  Cotonou


Togo Major Ports:  LOME



North Africa Ports

Algeria Major Ports:  ALGIERS

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