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A Guide to Container Transportation on Bulk Cargo Vessels

Views: 22     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-12-12      Origin: Site

Bulk Cargo Vessels


Potential problems of container transportation on bulk cargo vessels

Due to the fact that there is a dramatically high demand of container transportation, especially in Trans-Pacific and Asia-Europe Route, bulk cargo vessel is the best option for sellers. There are many insurance consultations in terms of potential problems on container transportation in bulk cargo vessels.


Besides safety, regulations and cargo classification, transport contractor should also be taken into account. Although we have regular transport contracts, generally: (1)In terms of deck loading, it should be stated specifically in transport contracts (and the cargo has already been loaded on the deck); (2)An exclusion clause is usually included, i.e. carriers are not liable for deck cargo due to owner’s false declaration.


Every member shall assess deck cargo carefully and pay attention to adversary clauses and excluded liabilities as well as accept insurance requirements. It might be necessary to take legal opinions into consideration.



Key factors of container transportation on bulk cargo vessels


Cargo Securing

CSS Code provides an international standard for cargo stowage and securing to ensure life safety at sea and berth. In appendix 1, it gives some guidance on container securing in non-container vessels based on Cargo Securing Manual (CSM). CSM specifies how to stow and secure cargoes as well as the regulations that all cargo work (except dry and liquid bulk cargoes) should comply with on board. In Non-standard Cargo Chapter, it should provide more detailed information on container securing, or the manual should be updated and re-examined so as to meet the requirements of Classification Society and Flag State.


Ship Structure and Strength Analysis

Waves, other than cargo weight, should be taken into account in intensity calculation of deck and hatch. However, loading density of the deck can be increased by cargo securing, which depends upon Classification Society’s approval. Similarly, any deck loading needs specific consideration and approval. This calls for careful analysis and stowage, which depends on how to intensify the components under the deck/roof.


Stability Analysis

Vessels should meet the requirements of stability and vertical intensity standards, which means the manual should be updated/revised according to new container loading conditions. Loading systems may also need to be updated.


Fire Prevention Capability

Dangerous goods transportation must conform to IMDG Code. If necessary, extra fire-fighting equipment may be placed on board.


Cargo Protection

Cargo needs safety surveillance at sea and berth, including the installation of screw-locking and fastening devices. In addition, crew members may perform special tasks and take care of cargoes according to shippers’ instructions. These operation notices and emergency plans will be incorporated into vessel’s safety management system.


To ensure the validity of insurance, ship owner should notify us of his intention to load containers on bulk cargo vessels ASAP.    

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