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Complete Guide to Air Cargo Handling

Views: 20     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-06-27      Origin: Site

Since air cargo transportation requires very high safety, especially when using the belly of passenger aircraft for cargo transportation, some air cargo needs an appraisal report, so what is an air transport identification report? Which goods must provide an air transport identification report? In one sentence, it means that it is impossible to know whether the goods have hidden dangers or not to correctly classify and identify the goods that require an air transport identification report.

In this Complete Guide to Air Cargo Handling by 5 parts:

What is Air Transport Identification is Identification and Classification Report?

Which goods need to provide air transport identification report?

What does the air transport identification report contain?

Eight elements of air freight inquiry

Common air freight nouns



What is Air Transport Identification is Identification and Classification Report?

Identification and Classification Report for Air Transport of Goods (ICRATG) is commonly known as Air Transport Identification (ATI) or Identification, has never been seen in ocean shipping. Shipping usually requires a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), which is not really a test or qualification report or certification procedure, but more of a technical specification that focuses on safe handling guidelines and is fundamentally different from ICRATG (or ATI).


Which goods need to provide air transport identification report?


1. Magnetic goods

According to the requirements of the IATA902 international air transport agreement, the strength of any magnetic field at a distance of 2.1m from the surface of the object to be tested should be less than 0.159A/m (200nT) before it can be used for general cargo transportation (for general cargo identification). All goods containing magnetic materials will generate magnetic fields in space, and safety testing of magnetic goods is required to ensure flight safety.


2. Powder goods

All goods in the state of powder must provide an air transport identification report, such as diamond powder, spirulina powder, and various plant extracts.


3. Cargo containing liquid and gas
Such as: some instruments may contain rectifier tubes, thermometers, barometers, pressure gauges, mercury converters, etc.


4. Chemical goods

Chemical cargo All kinds of chemical products by air generally need to provide air transport identification report. Chemicals can be roughly divided into hazardous chemicals and general chemicals. Common chemicals in air transportation are ordinary chemicals, that is, chemicals that can be transported as ordinary goods. This kind of chemicals must be certified by air transportation of ordinary goods before it can be carried, that is, an identification report that proves that the goods belong to ordinary chemicals, not dangerous goods.

5. Oily goods

Such as: auto parts may contain fuel or residual fuel engines, carburetors or fuel tanks; camping equipment or appliances may contain flammable liquids such as kerosene, gasoline.


6. Goods with batteries

The classification and identification of batteries is more complicated. Batteries or products containing batteries may be dangerous goods in item 4.3, category 8 and category 9 for air transportation, so the involved products need an identification report as support for air transportation. Such as: electrical equipment may contain batteries; electric equipment such as lawn mowers, golf carts, wheelchairs, etc., may contain batteries.


What does the air transport identification report contain?

The main contents of the cargo transportation appraisal certificate generally include the name of the cargo and its enterprise logo, the main physical and chemical properties, the dangerous properties of the transported object, the laws and regulations on which the appraisal is based, and emergency disposal methods. The purpose is to provide transport units with information directly related to transport safety.


Dear friends, whenever you encounter goods with hidden dangers in transportation, it is recommended that you must accurately issue an appraisal report according to the standards of the goods.


How much do you know about these international air transport knowledge?  

Air freight is fast and safe. The on-time ultra-high efficiency has won a considerable market, greatly shortened the delivery time, and played a great role in accelerating the capital turnover and circulation of the logistics supply chain. Major airlines have successively invested in a large number of flights to share the cake of cargo. However, the cost of air freight is higher than that of sea freight, and the time requirement is high, and the cost ratio of sea to air freight is about 1:10.


Eight elements of air freight inquiry:

1. Product name (whether it is dangerous or not)

2. Weight (charges involved), volume (dimensions and whether it is in stock)

3. Packaging (Wooden box or not, with or without pallet)

4. Destination airport (whether it is a basic point or not)

5. Time required (direct flight or transfer flight)

6. Required flight (service and price difference between flights)

7. Types of bills of lading (main and separate orders)

8. Required transportation services (customs declaration method, agency documents, whether customs clearance and delivery, etc.)


Air freight is divided into heavy cargo and light cargo. 1CBM=167KG The volume weight is compared with the actual weight, whichever is larger is charged.


Common air freight nouns:


AWB (Air Waybill)

A document issued by or on behalf of the shipper, which is proof of the carriage of goods between the shipper and the carrier.


Baggage, Unaccompanied

Baggage that is not carry-on but checked in, and luggage that is checked in.


Bonded Warehouse

In this type of warehouse, goods can be stored indefinitely without paying import duties.


Bulk Cargo

Loose shipments that are not palletized and boxed.


CAO (Cargo for Freighter Only)

Abbreviation for "Cargo Aircraft Only", meaning that it can only be carried on a cargo aircraft.


Charges Collect

List the charges to the consignee on the air waybill.


Charges Prepaid

List the charges paid by the shipper on the air waybill.


Chargeable Weight

The weight used to calculate air freight. The billable weight can be the dimensional weight, or when the cargo is loaded in the vehicle, the total weight of the load minus the weight of the vehicle.


CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freightage)

Means "Cost, Insurance and Freight", which is C&F plus Seller's insurance for loss and damage to the Goods. The seller must sign a contract with the insurer and pay the premium.


Consignee

The person whose name is listed on the air waybill and who receives the goods carried by the carrier.


Consignment

The carrier receives one or more pieces of goods from the shipper at a certain time and place, and carries it to a certain destination with a single air waybill.


Consignor

Equivalent to shipper.


Consolidated Consignment

A consignment of goods consigned by two or more shippers, each of which has signed an air freight contract with a consolidation agent.


Consolidator

A person or institution that assembles goods into a consolidated cargo.


COSAC (Community Systems for Air Cargo)

Abbreviation for "High Knowledge" computer system. It is the information and central logistics management computer system of Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminal Co., Ltd.


Customs

The government agency responsible for the collection of import and export duties, the prohibition of smuggling and narcotics trade and abuse (called Hong Kong Customs in Hong Kong)


Customs Code

A code assigned by Hong Kong Customs and Excise Service (C&ED) to a shipment to indicate the result of customs clearance or what clearance action the terminal operator/consignee is required to take.


Customs Clearance

Customs formalities that must be completed for the transport or collection of goods at origin, transit and at destination.


Dangerous Goods

Dangerous goods are items or substances that may pose a significant threat to health, safety or property when transported by air.


Declared Value for Carriage

The value of goods declared by the shipper to the carrier for the purpose of determining freight charges or setting limits on the carrier's liability for loss, damage or delay.


Declared Value for Customs

Applicable to the value of goods declared to customs for the purpose of assessing the amount of customs duties.


Disbursements

A fee paid by the carrier to the agent or other carrier and then charged to the consignee by the ultimate carrier. These fees are usually charged to cover the freight and incidental charges incurred by the agent or other carrier for transporting the goods.


EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transportation)

Abbreviation for "Management, Commerce and Transport Electronic Data Interchange". EDIFACT is an international standard for message syntax for electronic data interchange.


Embargo

means that the carrier refuses for a certain period of time any commodity, any type or class of cargo, which the carrier refuses to accept on or accept transfers to or from any area or place on any route or part thereof.


Export License

A government license document that allows a licensee (shipper) to export a specified commodity to a specified destination.


FIATA (Federation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilées)

FIATA Licensee - Licensed to issue FIATA documents in Hong Kong [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) "as Carrier" & Forwarders Certificate of Receipt (FCR)]. Covered by Freight Forwarders Liability Insurance (Minimum Liability: US$250,000).


FOB (Free on Board)

Under the condition of "free on board", the goods are loaded by the seller at the port of loading specified in the contract of sale. The risk of loss of or damage to the goods passes to the buyer when the goods pass over the ship's rail (ie after they have left the wharf and are placed on board) and the stevedoring charges are paid by the seller.


FOB Airport

This term is similar to general FOB terminology. After the seller delivers the goods to the air carrier at the departure airport, the risk of loss is transferred from the seller to the buyer.


Forwarder

An agent or company that provides services (such as receipt, forwarding or delivery) to secure and assist in the transportation of goods.


Gross Weight

The full weight of the shipment, including the weight of the box and packing materials.


HAFFA (Hong Kong Air Freight Forwarding Association)

The abbreviation of Hong Kong Freight Forwarders Association Limited (HAFFA), founded in 1966, is a non-profit organization that promotes, protects and develops the cargo transportation industry in Hong Kong.


HAWB (House Air Waybill)

This document includes the individual pieces of the consolidated cargo, is issued by the consolidator of the combined cargo, and includes instructions to the demolition agent.


IATA (International Air Transport Association)

Abbreviation for International Air Transport Association. IATA is the organization of the air transport industry, serving airlines, passengers, cargo owners, travel service agents and governments. The association aims to promote safety and standardization of air transport (baggage inspection, air tickets, weight lists) and assist in the approval of international air freight charges. IATA is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.


Import License

A government license document that allows the licensee (consignee) to import specified goods.


Marks

Marks used to identify the goods or indicate the relevant information of the owner of the goods are marked on the packaging of the goods.


Master Air Waybill

This is an air waybill that includes a batch of consolidated goods, and the consignor of the goods is listed as the consignor.


Neutral Air Waybill

A standard air waybill without a designated carrier.


Perishable Cargo

Goods that are perishable within a specified period or under adverse temperature, humidity or other environmental conditions.


Prepacked Cargo

Goods that have been packed in a carrier by the shipper prior to presentation to the terminal operator.


Reception Checklist List

A document issued by a cargo terminal operator when the shipper's cargo is received.


Regulated Agent Regime

It is a system by which the government conducts security checks on all air freight forwarders.


Shipment Release Form

A document issued by the carrier to the consignee to pick up the cargo from the terminal operator.


Shipper

The person or company named in the contract of carriage of goods to deliver the goods to the consignee.


Shipper's Certificate for live animals/ dangerous goods

A declaration made by the shipper - a statement that its cargo has been properly packaged and accurately described to make it suitable for air carriage in accordance with the latest version of IATA rules and all carrier rules and government regulations.


Shipper's Letter of Instruction

A document that includes instructions from the shipper or the shipper's agent for the preparation of documents and shipment of goods.


TACT (The Air Cargo Tariff)

Abbreviation for "Air Cargo Tariffs" published by the International Aviation Press (IAP) in cooperation with the International Air Transport Association (IATA).


Tariff

The carrier's rates, charges and/or conditions for carriage of the goods. Shipping rates vary by country, shipment weight and/or carrier.


Unit Load Device

Any type of container or pallet used to transport goods.


Valuable Cargo

Goods with declared gross weight of goods equal to or exceeding US$1,000 per kilogram on average, such as gold and diamonds.


Valuation Charge

Freight transportation charges based on the value of the goods declared at the time of consignment.


Vulnerable Cargo

Goods that have no declared value but clearly require careful handling, or that are particularly vulnerable to theft.


ATA/ATD = Actual Time of Arrival / Actual Time of Departure

ETA/ETD = Estimated Time of Arrival / Estimated Time of Departure

STA/STD = Schedule Time of Arrival / Schedule Time of Departure)

     

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