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A Guide to Customs Clearance for Brazil

Views: 20     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-10-19      Origin: Site

When some goods are exported to Brazil, they will always be restricted by the current regulations of Brazilian customs, which will lead to the seizure of the goods. Some goods imported into Brazil need to complete the prescribed procedures and provide corresponding documents in accordance with the requirements of the local customs. This requires the importer to notify the exporter in advance. Many goods are detained by the Brazilian customs because of poor communication between the importer and the exporter. caused. Under normal circumstances, when both parties understand in advance, the possibility of goods being detained by Brazilian customs can be greatly reduced, so that customs clearance can be smooth.

Table Contents:

Introduction to Brazil Customs

Introduction to Customs Policy

Notes on Customs Clearance in Brazil


A Guide to Customs Clearance for Brazil



Introduction to Brazil Customs

1. Customs affairs are the responsibility of the Federal Tax Administration under the Ministry of Finance

According to the Brazilian Customs Regulations, the Brazilian Customs System (SISCOMEX) is the registration site for all customs declaration procedures for import and export goods, and all customs affairs are specifically responsible for the Federal Tax Administration under the Ministry of Finance. Generally speaking, if the goods declaration form is entered in SISCOMEX, the customs declaration process starts. At the same time, the importer also needs to provide relevant documents to the customs as required. The customs will verify the contents of the goods declaration one by one. The importer will be authorized to pick up the goods. Although the Federal Tax Administration is responsible for customs affairs, different agencies are responsible for each part of the import process.


2. NCM CODE

NCM CODE or NCM NO. refers to the customs code of Brazil. The Brazilian customs requires that all goods entering Brazil must display the corresponding NCM CODE on the waybill of lading.


3. Sampling method by channel

After the importer registers the import customs declaration documents in SISCOMEX, the customs declaration documents will be automatically submitted by the system and will be automatically submitted according to the importer's tax payment, trade behavior, nature, quantity and price of imported goods, taxation situation, origin of goods, exporting place, importer After analyzing various factors such as operational capacity and economic strength, they are assigned to different customs clearance channels for classified sampling inspection, that is, the goods are classified and processed according to the following 5 channels of different colors:


· Gray: customs declaration documents, goods and commodity values must be checked before customs clearance


· Red: customs declaration documents and goods must be inspected before customs clearance


· Yellow: customs clearance can only be done after the customs declaration documents have been checked.


· Watermelon: According to the inspection results of the customs declaration documents, the goods are classified as red or green


· Green: All goods declared at customs can be exempted from inspection and automatically cleared. But customs officials have the power to reclassify it


A Guide to Customs Clearance for Brazil-2


Introduction to Customs Policy

1. CNPJ

CNPJ (Cadastro Nacional da Pessoa Juridica) is issued by the Brazilian Ministry of Finance, that is, the national registration number of legal persons (the legal person here refers to the company), which generally consists of 14 digits. Exporting to Brazil, including sending samples, must provide the CNPJ of the customer company, that is, the customs tax number.


2. RADAR

RADAR is Brazil import and export license, some goods under NCM (HS code) need an import license to be imported into Brazil. At this point, businesses need to submit a pro forma invoice to the relevant agency and wait 15 to 30 days or more for approval. And those agencies can also take 60 days or more to grant the license approval. In addition, if the final commercial invoice is inconsistent with the information on the previously provided pro forma invoice, the previously applied import license will become invalid, and the importer can only re-apply for a new license.


RADAR includes two types of automatic import licenses and non-automatic import licenses. Among them, the approval process of the automatic import license is relatively simple and automatically approved, while the application and approval of the non-automatic license is the responsibility of the Brazilian Foreign Trade Agency (DECEX).


3. Non-automatic import management

Products not subject to automatic import license management mainly include products that need to undergo health quarantine and special quality tests, products that have an impact on national industries and high-tech products, and products that are under key national control such as military supplies.


4. Special bill of lading requirements

In Brazil Customs, all undocumented goods (missing or incorrect document information) will be regarded as smuggling after unloading at the port, and will be immediately detained by the customs and fined. At the same time, the Brazilian customs also has the following special requirements for the original bill of lading:


Consignee must not be "TO ORDER". If the Consignee on the bill of lading is displayed as "TO ORDER", the goods will be detained by the customs until the details of the consignee (including full address, corporate tax number CPNJ, telephone, fax and other contact information and contact persons) are submitted to the Brazilian customs system etc.), the customs will allow the pick-up.


Brazilian customs do not accept generic cargo descriptions. Such as: department good, merchandise, Chemical, Dry cargo, etc.


Consignee's corporate tax number CPNJ and the Brazilian commodity customs code NCM code of the goods must be marked. If Notify is different from Consignee, it must also identify its corporate tax number CNPJ. In addition, the bill of lading must indicate the volume of the goods (in cubic meters).


Freight must be indicated on the bill of lading in both numbers and text.


5. Pay attention to applying for Free Time and Free Storage

The customs clearance procedures in Brazil are complicated and inefficient, resulting in a relatively long customs clearance time. Export companies should pay attention to applying for corresponding Free Time (including Free Demurrage and Free Detention) and Free Storage to reduce unnecessary costs.



Notes on Customs Clearance in Brazil

Brazilian customs have three characteristics: low efficiency, cumbersome procedures, and opaqueness. These are all tolerated, and it is very easy to attract high fines if you are not careful. We have compiled some precautions for customs clearance in Brazil, hoping to attract your attention.


1. Original bill of lading

The Brazilian customs clearance requirements for documents must be the original original bill of lading, and do not accept telex release. Sea freight must be shown on the bill of lading for imported goods. If HBL (Freight Forwarding Bill) is issued, the total sea freight of HBL shall not be lower than MBL (ship owner's bill), otherwise the whole box cannot be cleared at the destination port. The freight rate is irrelevant. It is worth noting that the Brazilian freight can only be prepaid PREPAID, not sea freight COLLECT. Out of HBL, it must be NVOCC and registered with the Brazilian customs to be valid, which can show high freight. Therefore, do not exclude the freight forwarding bill of lading, which has many benefits as well.


2. Sampling

The Brazilian Customs implements the sampling inspection method for the declared goods, that is, it is classified and processed according to four different colors of green, yellow, red and gray. Green: All customs declaration goods can be exempted from inspection, and customs clearance is automatic; Yellow: Only customs declaration documents are checked, and the goods are automatically cleared after verification; Red: Both customs declaration documents and goods can be cleared before customs clearance; Grey: Except for documents and goods In addition to the verification, it is also necessary to implement special customs supervision procedures to verify whether there is fraud. According to the regulations, the customs should submit the inspection results within 5 working days, and the parties should be present during the inspection. If the goods need to be sampled, the costs incurred shall be borne by the parties. If the goods are unfortunately drawn to the red channel for customs declaration, the time will be relatively long, usually about 15 days.


3. Rent-free period on arrival

FREE TIME DETENTION refers to the rent-free period during which the container is towed away from the terminal after the goods arrive at the port; FREE TIME DEMURRAGE refers to the rent-free period for the container in the terminal after the goods arrive at the port. You can apply to the shipping company for both times, but in order not to cause congestion at the terminal, the shipping company generally only gives 7 days of FREE TIME DEMURRAGE; FREE TIME DETENTION can be applied according to the relationship with the shipping company, and it is best to get 28 days FREE TIME DETENTION and even more days. The general practice in Brazil is that after the goods arrive at the port, the customer will ask the agent to drag the cabinet to TERMINAL near the terminal to complete the customs clearance procedure. This allows you to take full advantage of FREE TIME DETENTION.


4. IMPORT LICENSE

For customers who are doing business in Brazil for the first time or who are not familiar with the Brazilian market, it is best to find the customs code of the product first, which is called NCM NO. in Brazil. Check this NO. to check whether this product needs an import license required by the Brazilian customs. Import licenses are divided into automatic import licenses and non-automatic import licenses. The approval process for automatic import licenses is relatively simple and automatically approved; the application and approval of non-automatic licenses are handled by the Department of Foreign Trade (DECEX) of the Brazilian Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce, and the issuance is handled by relevant agencies. Importers should generally apply to DECEX before the goods are shipped, and the import license is valid for 60 days. Within 90 days after the goods arrive at the port, the importer should go through the customs declaration procedures, and enter the import declaration form into the "Brazil Foreign Trade Network" for registration, and start the customs declaration process; at the same time, it is necessary to provide the customs with the shipping slip, commercial invoice, tax receipt, and origin. certificate, commodity inspection certificate and animal inspection certificate and other documents.


After receiving the above documents, the customs will verify the declared content and the goods. If they are completely consistent, it will pass the customs clearance. At this time, the importer can clear the customs and pick up the goods. If it doesn't match, it doesn't matter, it costs $2,800 to modify it once.


5. Date of sailing

The time of the shipment date of the goods is subject to the ON BORAD DATE on the bill of lading. If it is earlier than the time when the import license was applied, for example, the ship date was March 1, 2015, but the import license was applied for in 2015. On February 28, after the goods arrived at the port, the Brazilian customs verified and found out that the destination port guests need to pay a fine of about USD 1500.


6. Other requirements of the bill of lading

(1) Brazil customs clearance needs to display CNJP/CPF/NCM on the bill of lading. CNPJ and CPF are the identification numbers of Brazilian companies and individuals, that is, tax numbers; NCM: This is the identification number of the goods, which is equivalent to my country's HS code and must be displayed on the manifest.


(2) The consignee shall not be "TO ORDER". If the Consignee on the bill of lading is displayed as "TO ORDER", the goods will be detained by the customs until the details of the consignee (including full address, corporate tax number CPNJ, telephone, fax and other contact information and contact persons) are submitted to the Brazilian customs system etc.), the customs will allow the pick-up.


(3) General descriptions of goods are not accepted, such as: department good, merchandise, chemical, dry cargo, etc., and no declaration of goods value is allowed in the description of goods. The weight can only be displayed correctly in the metric system, and the net weight of the goods should be filled in.

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