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Container Services Modes of CY, CFS, Door, FCL and LCL

Views: 15     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-04-24      Origin: Site

International container shipping method

As the container is a new modern mode of transportation, it is different from the traditional cargo transportation, and its practices are also different. At present, there is no effective and generally accepted unified practice for container transportation in the world. However, in handling the specific business of containers, countries generally have similar practices. Now, according to the current international common practices for container business, the brief introduction is as follows:


1. Container shipping packing method

 According to the number and method of container cargo, it can be divided into two types: FCL and LCL.


1) Full Container Load (FCL). It refers to the container that is consigned in box units after the cargo party has filled the whole box with the goods by itself. This situation is usually adopted when the cargo owner has enough sources of goods to load one or several full containers. Except for some large cargo owners who have their own containers, they generally rent certain containers from the carrier or container leasing company. After the empty box is transported to the factory or warehouse, under the supervision of customs officers, the owner will put the goods into the box, lock and aluminum seal the goods, and then hand them over to the carrier and obtain the station receipt. Finally, the receipt is exchanged for the bill of lading or the waybill.


 2) LCL (Less Than Container Load, LCL). It means that after the carrier (or agent) accepts the small-ticket freight consigned by the consignor whose quantity is less than the whole container, it is classified according to the nature of the goods and the destination. Consolidate the goods to the same destination into a certain number and pack them into boxes. Because there are goods from different owners in one box, it is called LCL. This situation is used when the consignor's consignment is insufficient to fill the whole box. The classification, arrangement, concentration, packing (unpacking), and delivery of LCL cargo are all carried out at the carrier's terminal container freight station or inland container transfer station.    


2. Container cargo delivery method

As mentioned above, container freight is divided into two types: FCL and LCL, so the handover methods are also different. Looking at the current international practices, there are roughly the following four categories:


1) FCL/FCL

The owner of the cargo delivers the full container to the carrier at the factory or warehouse, and the consignee receives the same full container at the destination. In other words, the carrier is responsible for handover on a FCL basis. The packing and unpacking of the goods are the responsibility of the seller.


2) LCL/LCL

The cargo owner will deliver the consignment goods with less than FCL to the carrier at the container freight station or inland transfer station, and the carrier will be responsible for LCL and packing (Stuffing, Vanning) to the destination cargo station or inland transfer station, The carrier is responsible for unpacking (Unstuffing, Devantting). After unpacking, the consignee will receive the goods with a receipt. The packing and unpacking of the goods are the responsibility of the carrier.


3) FCL/LCL

The owner delivers the full container to the carrier at the factory or warehouse. After the carrier is responsible for unpacking at the destination container freight station or inland transfer station, each consignee will receive the goods with a receipt.


4) LCL/FCL

The cargo owner will hand over the small-ticket consignment less than the full container to the carrier at the container freight station or the inland transfer station. Classified and adjusted by the carrier, the goods of the same consignee are assembled into a whole box, and after being transported to the destination, the carrier will deliver it in a full box, and the consignee will receive it in a full box.


Among the above-mentioned handover methods, FCL and FCL have the best effect, and can also give full play to the advantages of containers.


3. Container services delivery point

The delivery of container cargo is generally divided into:


1) Door to Door: from the sender's factory or warehouse to the consignee's factory or warehouse;


2) Door to CY: From the shipper's factory or warehouse to the Container Yard of the destination or unloading port;


3) Door to CFS: From the shipper's factory or warehouse to the Container Freight Station of the destination or unloading port;


4) CY to Door: From the Container Yard at the place of shipment or the port of loading to the consignee's factory or warehouse;


5) CY to CY: from the Container Yard at the origin or the port of loading to the Container Yard at the destination or the port of unloading;


6) CY to CFS: From the Container Yard at the origin or the port of loading to the Container Freight Station at the destination or the port of unloading.


7) CFS to Door: from Container Freight Station at the place of departure or loading port to the consignee's factory or warehouse;


8) CFS to CY: from Container Freight Station at the origin or port of loading to Container Yard at the destination or port of unloading;


9) CFS to CFS: From the Container Freight Station at the origin or the port of loading to the Container Freight Station at the destination or the port of unloading.


The above nine handover methods can be further summarized into the following four methods:


1) Door to Door: The characteristic of this mode of transportation is that during the entire transportation process, it is completely containerized, and there is no cargo transportation, so it is most suitable for FCL delivery and FCL pick-up.


2) Door to CY (CFS): The characteristic of this mode of transportation is that it is container transportation from the door to the station, and cargo transportation from the station to the door, so it is suitable for FCL delivery and unpacking.


3) CY (CFS) to Door: The characteristic of this mode of transportation is that it is cargo transportation from the door to the station, and container transportation from the station to the door, so it is suitable for LCL delivery and FCL pick-up.


4) CY(CFS) TO CY(CFS): The characteristic of this mode of transportation is that, except for the container transportation in the middle section, the inland transportation at both ends are all cargo transportation, so it is suitable for LCL delivery and unpacking.


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